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Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 2021;121(5. Vyp. 2):122-128. doi: 10.17116/jnevro2021121052122.
Since the WHO declared the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic, the most actual problem has been a change in the lifestyle of the population of Russia and the rest of the world. Fear of illness, self-isolation/quarantine, and decreased quality of life have dramatically increased the level of stress-related disorders in the population. The main mental disorders arising from stress refer to anxiety disorders (post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), panic disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder), obsessive-compulsive disorder, depressions of varying severity and conversion reactions. The symptoms and early warning signs of stress-related disorders may be chronic or episodic. Stress-related disorders are corrected with psychotropic therapy, which aims to restore the balance of neurotransmitters. Current first choice agents for the treatment of both pathological anxiety and depression are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). During the pandemic, the SSRI fluvoxamine is of special interest. Its mechanisms of action are recognized as potentially useful for treating COVID-19 infection. Two studies confirming the efficacy and safety of fluvoxamine in the treatment of coronavirus infection are described.