What is Obsessive Compulsory Disorder

USA 24 August 2012. 30% of population has this condition, do you want to know more? Anxiety is one factor that always follows us like a shadow in every single step of life in different fashions and varies in intensity from person to person depending on its mode of presentation. One of the incarnations is OCD, i.e. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, which is seen in more than 30% of the population. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by unfair thoughts and obsessions that lead ne to do repetitious compulsive things. These behaviors can be time consuming, socially alienating and lead to emotional and financial distress. The most common finding is that the people suffering from OCD realize that their attitudes are irrational and irrelevant, which makes them depressive and this leads to worsening of the condition.

 

Neither race nor age or sex is exempted for OCD; however, majority of adolescents and middle-aged people tend to get affected more frequently. There is another condition called as Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD), which is a condition in which a person is preoccupied with rules, orderliness, and controls. Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is most commonly a condition where genes may be involved. A person’s childhood and growing environment may also play roles. This condition can affect both men and women; but it mostly often occurs in men. OCPD has some of the same symptoms as OCD. However, people with OCD have unwanted thoughts, while people with OCPD believe that their thoughts are correct. OCD persons experience involuntary, uncontrollable thoughts, ideas, images, and illusions etc., repeatedly in mind with which they are driven to behave or perform certain rituals repeatedly to over come anxiety. Most of the OCD personalities could be washers, checkers, doubters and sinners, hoarders or Counters and arrangers. Some common obsessions include fear of being contaminated by germs or dirt or contaminating others, fear of harm, fear of losing, excessive religious beliefs or rituals, superstitions etc. When it comes to some of the common compulsions of OCD, they would be excessive checking of things, spending more time in washings and cleansing, accumulating junk at home or at office, attending religious rituals repeatedly from fear, doing senseless things to avoid anxiety, counting, tapping, etc. OCD in children must be paid more attention as it affects the child’s future, life and it could lead to some other psychiatric complications such as social phobia, panic phobia, Trichotilomania (pulling the hair), depression, dysthymia, learning disorders or body dimorphic disorders etc.

 

The curative aspect of OCD is mainly Psychotherapy (Psychodynamic Psychotherapy) and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) that can play a key role in OCD management. Some anti depressants do help to reduce the intensity of the OCD; however, CBT is the preferred one. Neurosurgical treatment of OCD such as minimally invasive techniques like gamma knife irradiation and foremost deep brain stimulation has arisen as novel tools for psychosurgery today in cases requiring more advanced attention. Jeffrey Schwartz, a well known psychiatrist offered four steps to over come OCD such as Reattribute, Revalue, Refocus and Reliable.

 

Before modern science’s evolution, OCD was said to be incurable. However, one should not overlook nature and what it has gifted us. Ancient science recognized the importance of psychiatric disorders and postulated certain lifestyle rules and regulations in terms of culture and practices which in depth regulate the mind and human body.

 

Common sense remedies for OCD:

 

Practice disciplined and planned life style in terms of health and happy living.

 

Avoid unnecessary life targets which are time consuming and stressful.

 

Practice yoga and meditation and keep mind in control.

 

Take Ashwagandha, Bacopa, Centella combination herbal supplements, which can help to overcome OCD over a period of time.

 

Take equal parts of nutmeg, mace powders, and twice quantity of Licorice powder, and a little sugar. Your natural tranquilizer is ready. One spoon of this twice daily keeps all worries away.

 

Regular consumption of Basil leaves keeps mind fit.

 

If you feel worried about OCD symptoms take fine powder of muskroot with milk.

 

Decoction made up of Cardamom and Cumin seeds will help to reduce the intensity of OCD symptoms.

 

If possible try this treatment at home; an application of continuous stream of mildly warm oil to the body parts. Take one liter of sesame oil and add Ashwagandha powder, Muskroot, Basil leaves, rhizomes of Sweet flag and Turmeric to it. Boil the oil for about few hours and then let it get cooled. Your remedy is ready. Apply this oil to fore head twice a day for ten days. This will give good results to overcome the OCD symptoms.

 

I hope the above discussion on OCD and some of the home remedies should be useful to most people that are trying to address these conditions.

 

Dr. Satya Narayana B.A.M.S.

 

Dr. Satya Narayana is a Clinical research investigator, Naturopathic / Ayurveda Doctor and a consultant of Herbal Destination, USA. Read other articles by him like What is Ashwagandha and What is Bacopa. All information provided above is for educational purposes only. For questions or to consult Dr. Satya, please send an email to
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Five quick tips to tell if you are suffering from OCD

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder that is
characterized by recurrent, unwanted thoughts (obsessions), that produce a
sense of dread or alarm. Persons then engage in repetitive behaviors
(compulsions) in an attempt to rid themselves of the obsessive thoughts and
calm the anxiety.

If you suffer from obsessive compulsive disorder, then the chances are you will
relate to most of the following points:

1) Are your thoughts persistent and repetitive, going round and
round in your head like a song? My hands are dirty, my hands are dirty, are my
hands dirty, maybe they aren’t, maybe a little, ok I’ll wash them again just to
be sure.

2) Do you feel you have to
repetitively perform behaviors in order to quiet your thoughts? Count to 10,
avoid cracks in the pavement, clean over and over, check the front door, have
specific numbers of things”

3) Do your thoughts prevent you from
concentrating on anything else? Such as reading a book or following a
conversation? When reading, for example, you might read the same sentence
over and over and never actually take it in, because your obsessive thoughts
are overwhelming you.

4) Do your rituals prevent you from
functioning normally in everyday life, making you late for work every day or
even unable to leave the house at all?

5) Do your thoughts and behaviors
cause you significant distress, anxiety and tears?

If you answer yes to most of these then it’s safe to say that you may suffer
from obsessive compulsive disorder. If you do suffer from OCD then you want to
get help. OCD is a biological disorder of the brain, which will not just go
away on its own. Don’t suffer in silence and don’t try to do it alone. OCD is a
hard illness to live with, and treatment options exist, so there is no need to
suffer unnecessarily.

Dr Annabelle R Charbit

Author of A Life Lived
Ridiculously

When a girl with obsessive compulsive disorder falls in love with a
sociopath, she must fight for her sanity and her life.

Available at  Amazon  and  Barnes Noble

Maintaining a Digestive System Health in Excellent State Associated With Health

in Health / Mental Health    (submitted 2012-09-15)

If we have attempted scarcely all weight detriment products accessible and still conduct to have weight benefit problems, maybe it can be time to go for simple principles. There are dual famous weight-loss aids that are both effective and protected that would not keep your dollars upsurge empty. These are a total H2O and fiber.

Our physique consists of 55% adult to 75% H2O and requires it to get constantly replenished. For a voice alone, it ban adult to 4 eyeglasses of H2O any day underneath customary respirating use and utterly additional on colder days. So suppose a volume H2O we remove when we embark on earthy activities or operative out and about.

We need to equivocate dehydration that is suspicion to be losing 10% physique weight of fluids by unchanging function of water. Even as brief as dual percent can already hint a disastrous outcome on a regulating opening causing one to get sleepy easier and lifeless thinking. We need H2O capacitate correct functioning in a physique and to relieve risk of kidney stones and safety those joints lubricated.

The best pierce one can presumably make is to use a 8 x 8 statute involving H2O intake that meant 8 oz. of eyeglasses for 8 times each day. This would unequivocally good assist a gastrointestinal tract to perform good in shortening physique toxins.

Another good thing we’re means to do for a digestive complement is by starting dishes that are abounding via fiber. Many health and diet experts suggest such a diet for a health advantages and also a assist for good digestive system. It is also famous apropos a good weight detriment assist for a low caloric content. Hence dieters can devour all a fiber dishes as they wish abandoned of a fear of gaining many bodyweight. Although dieters might not should devour many given satiety can be simply achieved by fiber especially since it leaves one feeling fuller extended.

Fiber dishes are found in fruits including citrus fruits, bananas, and apples, all forms of berries, pears and avocados. In fruit and vegetables, fiber is mostly found in cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli and dusty beans. Beans and nuts are also an superb source. And a many common sources of fiber many people are wakeful of: Whole grains, apportionment of oatmeal, cereals, barley, and oat bran.

Nature’s brush is how it is unequivocally described. When one includes fiber-rich dishes we will find there’s low risk of cardiovascular illness for dieters for a ability to reduce a volume of cholesterol systems.

Prevention has always been higher to cure. Incorporating these habits on food and drinks in a daily lifestyle can really boost a physique to arrive during a limit performance. As we are fueled while regulating right multiple of food and H2O we be a small some-more active in behaving a day by day earthy slight and more. For this reason, achieving weight detriment goals are generally indeed inevitable.

If we could take a categorical ideas from this essay and put them into a list, we would a good overview of what we have schooled about “ diet plans ” or “ crohns illness symptoms “.

About a Author

This fascinating disturb float is filled with all a twists and turns of value information, so be certain to reason on for this rough ride! Right Now we will go by some some-more about “digestive complement health” that is famous as any essential subject meant for a visitors and also meant for many people.

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Researchers Publish Studies Of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder And Tourette …

Two papers that will appear in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, both receiving advance online release, may help identify gene variants that contribute to the risks of developing obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) or Tourette syndrome (TS). Both multi-institutional studies were led by Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators, and both are the first genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in the largest groups of individuals affected by the conditions.

“Previous studies of these disorders have demonstrated that both TS and OCD are strongly heritable and may have shared genetic risk factors, but identification of specific genes has been a huge challenge,” says Jeremiah Scharf, MD, PhD, of the Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Genetics Unit (PNGU) in the MGH Departments of Psychiatry and Neurology, a co-lead author of both papers and co-chair of the Tourette Syndrome Association International Consortium for Genetics. “These new studies represent major steps towards understanding the underlying genetic architecture of these disorders.”

An anxiety disorder characterized by obsessions and compulsions that disrupt patients’ lives, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is the fourth most common psychiatric illness. Tourette syndrome, a chronic disorder characterized by motor and vocal tics, usually begins in childhood and is often accompanied by conditions like OCD or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Both conditions have a high risk of recurrence in close relatives of affected individuals, but previous studies that compared affected and unaffected individuals were not large enough to identify specific genes or areas of the genome that contribute to risk.

Since many gene variants probably contribute to risk for both conditions, the research teams undertook GWAS investigations, which analyze hundreds of thousands of gene variants called SNPs (single-nucleotide polymorphisms) in thousands of individuals with and without the condition of interest. The International OCD Foundation Genetic Collaborative, consisting of more than 20 research groups in nine countries, analyzed almost 480,000 SNPs in 1,465 individuals with OCD, more than 5,500 controls and from 400 trio samples consisting of an OCD patient and both parents. The Tourette Syndrome Association International Consortium for Genetics and the TS GWAS Consortium, representing 22 groups across seven countries, analyzed 484,000 SNPs across almost 1,500 cases and more than 5,200 controls.

The OCD study – led by Evelyn Stewart, MD, of the MGH-PNGU, who is now based at the University of British Columbia, and David Pauls, PhD, MGH-PNGU – identified possible associations close to a gene called BTBD3, which is closely related to a gene that may be involved in Tourette Syndrome, and within DLGAP1, a close relative of a gene that produces OCD-like symptoms in mice if it is deleted. The Tourette study was led by Scharf and Pauls and found evidence of a possible association with a gene called COL27A1, which may be expressed in the cerebellum during development, and with variants that help regulate gene expression in the frontal cortex.

None of these or other identified SNPs reached the high threshold of genome-wide significance, which would indicate that the associations represented true risk factors, and the authors stress that additional, larger studies are required. “Although GWAS analysis allows much more comprehensive examination of the entire genome than do studies focused on particular families or candidate genes, these two studies are still underpowered and should be interpreted with caution,” says Pauls, a co-senior author of both papers. “The current results are interesting and provide us with a starting point for analyzing future studies that must be done to replicate and extend these findings.”

Scharf adds that the next steps should include testing the SNPs identified by these studies in other groups of patients and controls, analyzing both study groups together to identify genes that contribute to the risk of both disorders, and expanding international collaborations to increase the size and power of patient samples for both OCD and TS. “If future studies confirm that some of these variants do contribute to risk – either directly or by altering the function of other risk genes – that would suggest both novel disease mechanisms and might give us new treatment targets,” he says.

On the Net:

Canine tail chasing resembles human obsessive compulsive disorders


The genetics research group, based at the University of Helsinki and the Folkhälsan Research Center and led by Professor Hannes Lohi, has in collaboration with an international group of researchers investigated the characteristics and environmental factors associated with compulsive tail chasing in dogs. A questionnaire study covering nearly 400 dogs revealed several similarities between compulsive behavior in dogs and humans: early onset, recurrent compulsive behaviors, increased risk for developing different types of compulsions, compulsive freezing, the of , the effects of early and and . The study shows that dogs offer an excellent animal model for studying the genetic background and environmental factors associated with human obsessive compulsive disorders (OCD). The study has been published in the journal PLoS ONE on July 27, 2012.

Stereotypical behavior in pets has not been studied extensively, even though several different types of compulsive behavior occur in different species including dogs. A dog may recurrently chase lights or shadows, bite or lick its own flank, pace compulsively or chase its own tail.

Different environmental and genetic factors have been suggested to predispose to compulsive behavior. Many stereotypes are breed-specific, which emphasizes the role of genes. Compulsive tail chasing occurs in several dog breeds, but worldwide it is most common in breeds such as Bull Terriers and German Shepherds.

The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of tail chasing in dogs, to identify possible environmental risk factors, and to find out whether a previously discovered gene region associated with compulsive behavior is also linked to tail chasing.

Could vitamins have an influence?

Nearly 400 Finnish dogs participated in this study, including Bull Terriers, Miniature Bull Terriers, German Shepherds and Staffordshire Bull Terriers respectively. Blood samples were taken from the dogs participating in the study, and their owners filled out a questionnaire about their dogs’ stereotypic behavior. The questionnaire included questions about different stereotypic behaviors, as well as aspects of each dog’s puppyhood and the routines of the dog’s current daily life. In addition to this the owners evaluated their dogs’ personality based on the questions in the questionnaire.

The study included dogs that chased their tails daily for several hours, dogs that chased their tails a few times a month, and dogs that had observably never chased their tails. With most of the dogs, the tail chasing had begun at the age of 3 to 6 months, before reaching sexual maturity.

One of the most interesting findings of this study is the connection with stereotypic behavior and vitamins and minerals. Dogs that received nutritional supplements, especially vitamins and minerals, with their food, chased their tails less.

“Our study does not prove an actual causal relationship between vitamins and lessened tail chasing, but interestingly similar preliminary results have been observed in human OCD” says researcher, Katriina Tiira, PhD. Follow-up studies will aim to prove whether vitamins could be beneficial in the treatment of tail chasing.

Early separation from the mother and the mother’s poor care of the puppy were also found in the study to predispose dogs to tail chasing. Early separation from the mother has been discovered to predispose also other animals to stereotypic behavior, but this is the first time this connection has been made with dogs.

The amount of exercise the dogs received or the number of activities they engaged in did not, however, seem to have a connection with tail chasing. This could be comforting news to many owners of dogs with compulsive behaviors, since often the owners themselves or the dogs’ living environment may be blamed for these behaviors. Although frustration and stress are likely to be significant causes of the occurrence of stereotypic behavior in for example zoo animals, they may be of lesser significance when it comes to Finnish dogs that are walked regularly.

Tail chasing in dogs can be used as an animal model for studying the genetic background of OCD in humans

Compared to the control dogs, tail chasers suffered more from also other stereotypic behaviors. In addition, tail chasers were more timid and afraid of loud noises.

“Different types of compulsive behavior occur simultaneously in humans suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder or other diseases such as autism” explains the head of the study, Professor Hannes Lohi.

Dogs may turn out to be of significant use in investigating the causes of human psychiatric diseases. “Stereotypic behavior occurs in spontaneously; they share the same environment with humans, and as large animals are physiologically close to humans. Furthermore, their strict breed structure aids the identification of genes.”

The gene region previously associated with compulsive flank licking and biting in Dobermans was not found to be associated with tail chasing in any of the breeds in this study. The next aim of this research project is thus to discover new gene regions connected to tail chasing.

The study is part of a larger DOGPSYCH project, funded by the European Research Council, in which the genetic background of different anxiety disorders, such as timidity, and sound sensitivity are investigated, as well as their similarities with corresponding human diseases.

Journal reference:

PLoS ONE
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